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Annual Report 2011, Transparency in the Peruvian Forest Sector

14 March 2012

Day by day the transparency has been gaining increasing significance in different decision-making processes that take place in our country and the forest sector is not immune to this. That is why Law, Environment and Natural Resources (DAR) has published, for three years, the Annual Transparency Report, which assesses the amount of information available by different state department in the country's forestry sector, on the basis of standard indicators related to the recognition of customary or traditional rights, transparency provisions in forest laws, recognition of the right to prior consultation, the existence of a National Forestry Policy, among others.

Annual Report 2011, Transparency in the Peruvian Forest Sector

The Peruvian government has been announcing a series of commitments to make public information about its policies and practices in the forestry sector, however, the report shows that forest dependent communities are yet to know how their forests are being managed. This years report also highlights the fact that Peru has national laws on freedom of information, including commitments to provide information on forest management. However, it is worrisome that government commitments to increase transparency in the forest sector are not yet fulfilled.

Although there is still a long way to go, we also see some important developments in the forestry sector. We must highlight the approval of two important new laws, including a first effort to develop a participatory and decentralized set of processes. The Forest and Wildlife Act, provides a decentralized and integrated use of forest resources, including issues of governance, transparency and access to information, and the Law on the Right to Prior and Informed Consultation reinforcing legal obligations and agreements on the rights of indigenous peoples. However, it remains that the Forestry Law to be regulated, since the regulation of the Prior Consultation Law took effect in early April 2012. For all this we can say that the Peruvian forestry sector recorded some progress, but still not consolidated the practice of transparency in its entirety. Therefore, more work is needed on the efficiency of the management and conservation of forests and in compliance with the Transparency Act so as to generate good forest governance, reduce corruption and conflict, and building an effective state with public entities credibility.

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