Legislative Decree 1078 – the regulation modifying Law 27446, the National System for Environmental Impact Assessment Law - strengthened the requirement to use Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) in policies, plans and programmes for sectoral, regional and local development likely to have significant environmental implications. There is currently a proposal for a draft Ministerial Ruling which seeks to approve criteria and mechanisms for formulation, implementation and tracking of SEA, the aim of which is to establish procedures on three levels of government, depending on their responsibilities, for the application of public Policies, Plans and Programmes.
At the moment there is a New Sustainable Energy Matrix and SEA to improve the evolution of energy and mining activities in the period 2012-2040; this will allow the creation of specific programmes or projects for rational coexistence of the activities in this sector with sustainable care of the environment and society.
In addition, strategic axis no. 6 (on natural resources and the environment) of the Bicentenary Plan in Peru which looks to 2021, sets out seven specific objectives, one of which is to strengthen the National Environmental Management System from the three levels of government (national, regional and local), thereby encouraging the active participation of citizens in the plans or programmes. This plan has provided for specific actions and targets to strengthen the planning process through Territorial Planning and Economic and Ecological Zoning. Although it is true to say that civil society and the indigenous communities have participated in these processes, they did not directly influence the decision-making, as this depended on the political priorities defined by the government.
Despite the fact that Peru has these planning processes and SEA, in reality there are many disputes and conflicts about priorities for land use between the forest sector, hydroelectric power stations, infrastructure projects, mining, agriculture and other social demands, with considerable pressure in the Peruvian Amazon. This is why an attempt is being made to strengthen SEA by using integrated and effective strategic actions which allow conservation and sustainable use of ecosystems.
|Title||a. Regulation on Economic and Ecological Zoning (ZEE). Supreme Decree No. 087-2004-PCM. Regulation creating the Technical Consultation Committee for Territorial Planning.
b. Directive "Methodology for Economic and Ecological Zoning". Council Decree Directive No. 010-2006-CONAM-CD
c. Policy Guidelines for Territorial Planning approved by Ministerial Ruling No. 026-2010 MINAM
d. National Environmental Policy, approved by Supreme Decree No. 012-2009-MINAM
e. National Environmental Action Plan – PLANAA Peru 2011-2021 (Approved by D.S. No. 014-2011-MINAM)
f. Bicentenary Plan for Peru to 2021
g. Law 27446 (2011) – Law on the Environmental Impact Evaluation System (SEIA)
h. Ministerial Ruling, which approves the criteria and mechanisms for the formulation, implementation and tracking of strategic environmental evaluation (EAE)
|Organisation||a. Office of the President of the Council of Ministers
b. National Environment Council absorbed by the Environment Ministry
c. Environment Ministry (MINAM)
d. Environment Ministry
e. Environment Ministry
f. National Centre for Strategic Planning (CEPLAN)
g. Environment Ministry
h. Environment Ministry