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Peru: Recommendations

To the Forest Authority and other government bodies:

- Specify the proposal for a National System of Forest and Wildlife Management (SINAFOR), which can be used to create an IT system which allows the different institutions with responsibilities in the forest sector to bring together and thus strengthen access to public information in the sector.

- Appoint public officials exclusively to promote transparency and reply to requests for access to information.

- Strengthen state mechanisms for monitoring compliance with access to public information and transparency, so that any bodies which do not comply with the law can be penalised effectively.

- Continue to strengthen the process of decentralisation of functions to regional governments, in addition to including technical skills and greater financial and technical support for the regions with the majority of Amazon forest in Peru.

- Orient the participative and decentralised process for strengthening the regulations and institutions in the forest and wildlife sector, as stipulated in the Guide to Methodology, with the different national and regional stakeholders linked to the sector. This includes free, prior and informed consultation of the indigenous peoples regarding any content which might affect their collective rights in the Forest and Wildlife Law Regulation.

- Complete the process of design, validation, drafting and approval of National Forest and Wildlife Policy, which sets out the general guidelines, action strategies and objectives to be met to improve the management and administration of forests in Peru.

- Approve the pre-draft law for the creation of an Autonomous National Authority on Transparency (proposed by the Public Ombudsman) and thus implement genuine oversight and monitoring of the public institutions in this field and guarantee the full rights of citizens to access public information.

b) To the legislative and monitoring bodies (the Congress of the Republic and the Office of the Comptroller General of the Republic)

- Take on a real commitment to monitor public institutions in their actions on transparency and access to information, and take the corresponding corrective measures in cases of non-compliance with the regulations.

- Prioritise on the legislative agenda debate and approval of legal regulations associated with the forest sector, such as the Territorial Planning Law, the Environmental Services Law and others.

c) To civil society

- Citizens and civil society organisations alike must be aware of, demand and exercise their right to access to public information, which may stimulate greater citizen and community participation.

- Indigenous peoples' organisations must continue to strengthen their capacities for joint action and coordination, to give them an increasingly greater impact on political decisions involving their communities.

- The different organisations must increase communication and internal dialogue so that they can present themselves in the participation and consultation processes with a single, agreed position which strengthens the role of the indigenous movement in national decisions.

- Civil society organisations must make available to citizens any information of a public nature, specifically on the forest sector, which involves the use of natural resources and respect for the customary law of the indigenous peoples.

d) To international donors

- For the projects that they are supporting, they must carry out monitoring and oversee the progress made and the impact of the projects, and report this information to citizens.

- In more of an observer role, they must ensure that their projects are also agreed with the populations, insofar as they affect them, so that they feel included in the process and not just part of a result.

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