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Peru : Indicators

2011 > 20 Key Indicators > Regulation of Environmental Services

Although there is a general legal framework for environmental services and/or ecosystem services, specific legislation is required in this regard, for the purposes of regulating the chains of use and their assessment for a fair distribution between the beneficiaries.

If there is no specific legislation, the possibility arises that participants may draw up contracts which benefit just one of the parties, using the environmental services in an inappropriate manner and without the necessary information conditions. In turn, this makes it difficult for civil society organisations and communities to take decisions, as they are not represented in the procedures for regulation of environmental services (which allow them to participate directly).

Regulation is anticipated for article 2.9 of the Introduction of the Forest and Wildlife Law (Law No. 29763 recently approved but awaiting an implementing regulation), which indicates that it is the duty of the State to prioritise assessment, valuation and promotion of a payment or compensation scheme for the goods and services in forest ecosystems, as well as other financial instruments which benefit management of the asset. This represents an important change because it regulates specifically the treatment of the ecosystem services.

It is also relevant to mention that the State has begun a process for formulation of the Readiness Preparation Proposal (R-PP) for REDD, which involved the participation of civil society via the REDD Roundtable that exchanged information between the participating institutions with regard to the projects they were carrying out. In addition, bearing in mind the very stipulations of the R-PP, there is a requirement for a prior process to inform the organisations and/or stakeholders that the project may affect.

Title a. Article 94 of the General Law of the Environment
b. Article 60 of the Forest and Wildlife Law 29763 recently approved (which will come into force when it is regulated)
c. Article 62 of the Forest and Wildlife Law 27308 where it defines environmental services (still in force)
Organisation a. Ministry of Environment
b. Congress of the Republic through the Commission of Andean, Amazonian and Afro-Peruvian Peoples
c. Congress of the Republic
Date a. (---)
b. 22/07/2011
c. 16/07/2000
Source a. http://www.minam.gob.pe/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=483&Itemid=133
b. http://dgffs.minag.gob.pe/pdf/Ley29763.pdf
c. http://dgffs.minag.gob.pe/pdf/ley27308.pdf
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