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Peru: Methodology

In May 2011 the international workshop for the Making the Forest Sector Transparent programme was held in Yaoundé in Cameroon, which reviewed and evaluated the activities with a central theme of drawing up new assessment criteria and information for the common report card. The report card criteria were reformulated, with the result being 20 indicators with their respective guideline questions designed to obtain objective information on transparency and access to information in the forest sector, and the progress made in terms of legislation under this heading.

The methodology used to draw up this report comprised of three stages:

  • Documents were compiled referring to legal provisions linked to access to information, forest transparency, norms in the forest sector, amongst other reports and associated provisions.
  • Data was collected by review of the websites of the institutions associated with the forest sector (and the Peruvian Legal Information System), meetings with specialists and requests for access to information.
  • Information collected was systematically used to answer the questions in each of the indicators for assessment, which initiated the process of completing the matrices.

These three stages were carried out in the period during July and August 2011. The public institutions with responsibilities or influence on the Peruvian forest sector, whose websites were reviewed, are the following:

  • Congress of the Republic of Peru (http://www.congreso.gob.pe/)
  • People’s Ombudsman (http://www.defensoria.gob.pe)
  • General Directorate for Forests and Wildlife (http://dgffs.minag.gob.pe/)
  • Regional Government of Amazonas (www.regionamazonas.gob.pe)
  • Regional Government of Loreto (www.regionloreto.gob.pe)
  • Regional Government of Madre de Dios (www.regionmadrededios.gob.pe)
  • Regional Government of San Martín (www.regionsanmartin.gob.pe)
  • Regional Government of Ucayali (www.regionucayali.gob.pe)
  • Ministry of Agriculture (http://www.minag.gob.pe/)
  • Ministry of the Environment (http://www.minam.gob.pe/)
  • Ministry of Foreign Trade and Tourism (http://www.mincetur.gob)
  • Ministry of Economy and Finances (http://www.mef.gob.pe/)
  • Body for Environmental Assessment and Oversight (http://www.oefa.gob.pe/)
  • Body for Overlapping of Forest and Wildlife Resources (http://www.osinfor.gob.pe/portal/inicio.htm)
  • Council of Ministers Chairman’s Office (http://www.pcm.gob.pe/)
  • National Department of Natural State-Protected Areas (http://www.sernanp.gob.pe/)

It should be pointed out that this information collection process was not free of restrictions and obstacles. One limiting factor at the beginning of the evaluation was that some of the websites of the institutions associated with the forest sector were undergoing restructuring: one specific example is the Office for Supervision of Forest and Wildlife Resources (OSINFOR), which was inactive throughout the evaluation period. At the end of the evaluation, in the last two weeks of this period, many of them were brought back online – particularly the OSINFOR website – and others changed their format and design.

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