There are regulatory instruments which strengthen transparency in the forest sector, but there are still gaps in their implementation and the use of corrective measure in the case of non-compliance.
The legal and regulatory instruments are accessible to a portion of the population, but access to them is not easy for populations in distant areas and without access to the internet; furthermore, they are not written in appropriate language or translated to community languages, which needs to change to facilitate the much-needed social inclusion.
Bearing in mind the entry into force of the new Forest and Wildlife Law, an organisation called the National System for Forest and Wildlife Management (SINAFOR) was created as a functional system made up of ministries, public bodies and institutions at national, regional and local levels that exercise responsibility and functions in forest and wildlife management. This is seen as an opportunity to integrate forest information associated with different sectors and institutions, and thus gives this body responsibility for providing information on the sector by systematising it and making it available to the public.
With the promulgation of the Law on Prior Consultation and its future implementation by regulation, the participation of indigenous populations in forest management is expected to be more inclusive; this is an opportunity to provide them with access to forest governance so that they can forge their own destiny.
Approval of the National Anticorruption Plan is not expected to be just another non-binding document or text, but rather a guide for forest management and for the players connected with the sector.
There are significant changes on what was reported last year, considering that Peru now has a new Forest Law and a Law on Prior Consultation, both in the process of implementation, which augur major changes in the forest sector. There is also a new government and a new perspective – starting from respect for citizens’ rights – which reflects a change in terms of the measures to be adopted for implementation, and in particular includes social inclusion as part of its programme.
To date, an annual report from the forest authority has not been published; all that is published is a yearbook of forest statistics, which provides statistical information on the concessions, production and commercialisation of timber and non-timber products. This information, despite being useful as a large-scale management instrument, is insufficient.