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Peru: Conclusions

The aim of governance is to replace the model of bureaucratic and hierarchical management with a cooperative and more decentralised model, which seeks to have the public sector, the private sector and the organisations, groups and individuals which make up civil society working together. To obtain suitable participation of the private sector and the organisations, the public bodies need to implement specific actions in transparency, bearing in mind the aspects indicated in this report.

  • The number of regulations regarding procedures, directives and mechanisms for transparency by the Peruvian state has increased, in order to standardise the transparency portals, promoting simpler access for civil society.
  • Although the distribution of taxes, contributions and payments in the forestry sector, and the conditions and procedures for the regional and local governments in the areas where forestry operations take place have been regulated, knowledge and use of this information by civil society remains insufficient, given that the information is on the website and not all users are able to access the website.
  • Despite some recent efforts, such as the formation of a land planning committee led by the Ministry of the Environment with the participation of the state and civil society, each Ministry in Peru takes its own decisions, without taking into account the effects these might have on the decisions adopted by other sectors.
  • Although there are participation mechanisms for the formulation of policies and regulations, these are mainly for regulations in the form of Laws. The formulation of resolutions and directives are generally non-participative processes. In addition, there is no list of stakeholders recognised by the State. There is no law to implement the right to consultation of indigenous peoples set out in ILO Convention 169.
  • The granting of rights is public, but there are no processes for consultation and participation prior to the granting of rights, not to mention the lack of independent verification for access to the right.
  • When formulating the Forestry Law, efforts were made to involve the indigenous peoples' organisations in the process, but there is still a need for greater information and participation mechanisms. Furthermore, the draft Law for public consultation of the indigenous peoples is being reviewed by the Executive, but to date there is no evidence of the government giving priority to approving this Law.


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