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Guatemala : Indicators

2012 > 20 Key Indicators 2012 > Formal Procedures for Consultation on New Forest Norms

The mechanisms for consulting communities on the development of new regulations (in general) are based on the Municipal Code, on the Law on Urban and Rural Development Councils, and on the General Decentralisation Law, although there are no specific regulations on forest issues.

Articles 63 to 66 of the Municipal Code refer to consulting indigenous residents and communities or authorities, and the form these consultations should take, whereas article 26 of the development council law refers to consultation of indigenous peoples through representatives on the development councils. On forest issues there are no specific regulations for carrying out consultations, but the System of Development Councils (SISCODE) considers formal procedures for consultation on the implementation of forest policies and law, while the National Agenda stipulates informal consultation methods to evaluate policies and laws and suggest improvements. The SISCODE should have a website with all the different reports and relevant documents from all the councils on different levels, but to date only the national tier has such information. This means that an assessment of how forest-related topics are dealt with in these councils cannot be carried out because of lack of information.

As far as citizen initiatives are concerned, there is a series of forums related to the forest sector, covered by the current legislation, which develop recognised consultation procedures on national, regional, departmental, municipal and community levels; these include the Forest Round Tables created by the National Forest Agenda. These mechanisms, both formal and informal, are designed to act as consultation processes to enable civil society to influence the laws, regulations and policies being discussed which are relevant to the forest sector. Despite the fact that these initiatives play an important role, the difficulty lies in them not having specific websites, and the fact that the documents they generate do not have versions translated into indigenous languages.

Title a. Municipal Code (Decree 12-2002)
b. Law on Urban and Rural Development Councils (Decree 11-2002)
c. General Decentralisation Law (Decree 13-2002)
d. National Forest Agenda
e. Forests, Biodiversity and Climate Change Group
f. Forest Round Tables
Organisation a. Municipal Development Institute – INFOM.
b. Municipal Development Institute – INFOM.
c. Municipal Development Institute – INFOM.
d. Guatemala National Forest Programme
e. Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources
f. National Forests Institute
Date a. 2002
b. 2002
c. 2002
d. 2003
Source a. http://www.infom.org.gt/archivos/codigomunicipal.pdf
b. http://www.infom.org.gt/archivos/leyconsejodevelopment.pdf
c. http://www.infom.org.gt/archivos/leydescentralizacion.pdf
d. National Forest Agenda (http://www.pfnguate.org//pages/agenda_forestal.htm)
f. Forests, Biodiversity and Climate Change Group (http://www.forestcarbonpartnership.org/fcp/sites/forestcarbonpartnership.org/files/Documents/PDF/Aug2011/RPP%20Guatemala%20Draft%201Agosto2011.pdf)
g. Forest Round Tables (stipulated in the National Forest Agenda - http://www.pfnguate.org/pages/foro9.htm)
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