In the last two decades, Guatemala has negotiated, signed and ratified a series of trade agreements with different countries, including: the Free Trade Agreement (FTA) with Mexico (Ratified on 15-8-2011); the FTA with the United States of America and the Dominican Republic DR-CAFTA (in force since July 2006); the FTA with Taiwan (in force since July 2006), and the FTAs with Chile and Colombia (in force since 2009). Added to this is the Association Agreement (AA) between the European Union and Central America. Guatemala is also a signatory to a number of international and regional agreements on conservation and protection of flora and fauna and natural ecosystems. All of these agreements and conventions are on the websites of the different associated bodies, and in some cases they have summaries (for the most part in English) on a number of websites.
None of the agreements mentioned include specific clauses or annexes stipulating requirements for trade in forest products, but the AA promotes sustainable development in general, and includes a commitment between the signatories in Article 259 to apply the laws and forest governance and to promote trade in legal forest product through a number of instruments; these include the certification of sustainable products and the negotiation of Voluntary Partnership Agreements (VPAs). To date, Guatemala has not taken any concrete steps to initiate a VPA with the EU and it remains to be seen how the AA will influence trade in forest products.
As regards the negotiation and the implementation of such agreements, information on the websites of the Guatemala state bodies on the participation of communities and civil society is either poor or not available at all. The AA has guideline documents but there are no reports or other documents which support the participation of the population.
|Title||a. Free Trade Agreement between the Dominican Republic, Central America and the United States (now in force) (CAFTA)
b. Association Agreement between the European Unión and Central America
c. Convention on Nature Protection and Wildlife Preservation in the Western Hemisphere
d. Regional agreement for the management and conservation of natural forest ecosystems and the development of forest plantations. (Ratified on 2.2.94 by Guatemala)
e. Agreement on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wildlife and Wild Flowers
f. Agreement on Biological Diversity
|Organisation||a. - b. Ministry of Economy
c. - f. CONAP
|Date||a. CAFTA 2004
|Source||a. Select Foreign Trade Laws at http://www.mineco.gob.gt/Presentacion/LeyesNormas.aspx
b. http://trade.ec.europa.eu/doclib/press/index.cfm?id=689 (text in English)