The Forest Law was decreed in 1996 and, together with the 2005 regulations, regulates the system of governance for the forest sector in Guatemala, but in a study drawn up by the Institute of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Environment (IARNA) in 2009 http://www.profor.info/profor/sites/profor.info/files/publication/Guatemala-forestfees.pdf, there is evidence that forest legislation is not being applied uniformly across the country, because of a number of factors in the application of environmental law, such as limitations in forest management, limitations in assigning value to forest resources and in aspects of the market as well as in monitoring illegal activities. The study indicates that forest legislation has particular deficiencies in the area of implementation: it estimates that 95% of forest activities are carried out illegally.
The most recent law to be approved in relation to the forest sector was the PINPEP Regulation on 17 November 2010, which demonstrates that there are processes underway to develop forest norms. There is a discussion taking place at the national level on the passage of a Law of Climate Change, which will define more precisely the topics related to the REDD issue, and to trade agreements and the forest sector.
No environmental law has been found which has been translated into indigenous languages by the state. Some regulations have been summarised on the website of the National Institute of Forests (INAB). Local communities can request information from their regional INAB office, which is obliged to reply. The legislation and the norms are up to date.
|Title||a) Forest Law Decree Number 101-96
b) Code of the Forest Law contained in Resolution 4.23.2005 of Executive Council
c) Decree Number 4-89 Law of Protected Areas
|Organisation||National Institute of Forests|