There are a number of officially recognised bodies which monitor the forest sector, such as the National Forest Programme and, to a lesser degree, the Office of the Human Rights Ombudsman, but they do not specifically oversee governance and forest operations. Civil society can access the information published on these institutions on the internet or through publications disseminated at a municipal level.
The National Forest Programme (PFN) influences state decision-making through its monitoring and evaluation of forest policies. One example can be seen in the national dissemination of the Evaluation of Forest Policy in Guatemala. The evaluation explains the challenges and shortcomings of the current Forest Policy, using a series of indicators, which should influence the reform of current Forest Policy (http://pfnguate.org/pages/noticias.htm). The PFN does not necessarily oversee governance and forest operations, but rather tries to influence public forest policies. The other officially recognised supervisory body is the Environmental Office of the Human Rights Ombudsman, which only produces an annual report with very little information on the forest sector. However, there are a number of academic institutions which monitor forest operations efficiently and in depth, such as the Rafael Landivar University and its Institute of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Environment (IARNA); they are recognised (although not officially) as one of the supervisors of the forest sector most able to monitor forest operations and forest governance. They publish an Environmental Profile of Guatemala (http://www.url.edu.gt/PortalURL/Principal_01.aspx?s=51) every year which is highly respected, and assist the Ministry of the Environment and Natural Resources with its annual reports. There are also other initiatives, such as the Environmental Observatory (http://www.oag.org.gt/), which act as a point of coordination for monitoring of the environmental/forest sector. One problem which exists is how to involve the indigenous organisations and communities in these forest monitoring processes to encourage an improved forest culture. Finally, the Forest Stewardship Council counts on an office in Guatemala and applies the directive of its membership to develop forest management and chain of custody standards, deliver trademark assurance and provide accreditation services to a global network of committed businesses, organizations and communities.
|Title||Strategy of the Office of Human Rights Ombudsman (carried out periodically)
Forest Action Plan, National Forest Programme
|Organisation||Environmental Office of the Human Rights Ombudsman (PDH)
National Forest Programme (PFN)
|Date||PDH - 2006
PFN - 1997