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Guatemala : Indicators

2011 > 20 Key Indicators

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Freedom of Information Law

The Law of Access to Public Information passed in 2008 is available on various government websites. Read more...

National Forest Policy

In the 2001 Forest Policy of Guatemala, the State sets out the policy to be followed in relation to the use, development, administration, recovery and management of forest resources. The policy is available on the web-pages of the Secretariat of Planning and Programming of the President and on website of the National Institute of Forests (INAB) Read more...

Codified Forest Laws and Norms

The Forest Law was decreed in 1996 and its 2005 code regulates the governance system for the forest sector in Guatemala. These laws are available on various webpages, but have as yet not been translated into indigenous languages. Read more...

Signed International Trade Agreements on Forests

Guatemala has signed various international trade agreements and is in the process of signing others, however not all of the information surrounding these are easily available on-line. There are various documents about the Central America Free Trade Agreement with the United States, but there are not many about the Agreement of Association with the European Union that is currently being negotiated. Read more...

Provisions for Transparency in Forest Laws

The forest laws and norms do not make specific reference to access to public information on the sector, but the Law of Access to Public Information stipulates the obligations of all public institutions. Read more...

Legal Recognition of Customary and Traditional Rights

Even though the State is obliged to recognise customary rights due to the Peace Accords signed in 1996, and even though these rights are recognised in the Constitution of the Republic, there is no specific recognition in forest laws and norms. Read more...

Legally Recognised Procedure for Consultation on New Forest-Related Norms

The System of Development Councils ensures that there is a formal procedure for consultation on the implementation of forest policy and law, while the National Agenda stipulates consultation methods for evaluating policies and laws and suggesting improvements. Read more...

Law Recognising Right to Free Prior Informed Consent

There are a number of laws available to the public that recognise the right of consent of indigenous communities, but the procedures required to implement this right have not been regulated. Read more...

National Land Tenure Policy

The Agrarian Policy for 2009-2012 and the National Policy for Integrated Rural Development stipulate the national policy on land tenure. Read more...

Land Ownership and Forest Use Maps

There are no specific maps that comprehensively detail forest land tenure, but there are maps of forest licences and forest incentives at the national level, which also indicate land tenure of forested areas specific to those activities. Read more...

Regulated Permit System for Commercial Logging Operations

The Forest Law requires licences for forest use, but the contracts and other documents are not made available on the website of the National Institute of Forests; they are only available on request from its central office or from its regional directorates. Read more...

Legal Requirement for Stakeholder Consultation before Allocation of Commercial Logging Permits

In theory, before felling trees for commercial reasons, an environmental impact instrument must be used that requires public participation, as stipulated in Article 72 of the Regulation on Environmental Evaluation, Monitoring and Tracking. Read more...

Verification Process (Due Diligence) of the Eligibility of Permit Applicants

A due diligence process is required by the Forest Law and other regulations, as part of the forest management plans. These plans are only available by personal request from the National Institute of Forests (both regional and national), and not on its website. Read more...

Forest Management Plans

There are requirements in the regulations for the completion of forest management plans, but these documents are only available on request to the National Institute of Forests and not on their webpage. Read more...

Regulation of Environmental Services

There are some regulations, such as one on biodiversity, but other environmental services, such as water, are not regulated at a national level. The legislation that exists is available on the webpage of the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources. Read more...

Strategic Environmental Assessment of Development Priorities

There are various policies on development priorities, but none constitutes a strategic environmental evaluation to inform the priorities between different uses of the land and of natural resources. Read more...

Independent Monitoring of Forest Governance and Operations

A number of officially recognised bodies monitor the forest sector, such as the National Forest Programme and to a lesser degree the Office of the Human Rights Ombudsman, but they do not necessarily specifically oversee forest governance and operations. Read more...

Forestry Tax Collection and Funding Systems

There is a taxation system for the collection of taxes and redistribution of royalties resulting from forestry operations, and a system of forest incentives. Information on the taxes is available on the webpage of the Ministry of Finance and information on the incentives is available on the webpage of the National Institute of Forests. Read more...

Forest Infractions

The Forest Law, the Regulation of the Forest Law and the Regulation on the Movement of Forest Products has rules on the penalties for forest infractions. The Ministry of Interior publishes articles on forest infractions, which it is obliged to do by the Law of Access to Public Information, but there does not exist a specific section for this purpose. Read more...

Annual Forest Authority Report

The latest annual report of the National Institute of Forests about its activities in general was the Work Report of 2009. To date the 2010 and 2011 reports have not been published, but the National Council of Protected Areas has a more recent publication from 2010. Read more...
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