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Ghana: Methodology

The approach taken to the 2012 report card followed the same methodology as the 2011 report. Data for Ghana was collected on the 20 indicators primarily by secondary information review and interviews with selected CSOs to seek their views on changes that are occurring in the management of the forest resources in Ghana. The 2012 report therefore does not seek to capture the perception and views of most of the stakeholders in the forest sector, but rather to assess the broad level of transparency in the sector and note changes since the beginning of the project in 2009.

The websites and other official sources of information of government institutions were reviewed to establish what information they hold. The main institutions focused on are:

  • The Forestry Commission (FC), which manages all forest resources in the country under the direction of a Board of Commissioners. The Commission is also responsible for the regulation of the utilization of forest and wildlife resources, the conservation and management of those resources and the co-ordination of policies by establishing procedures to track the movement of timber, wood and wildlife products.
  • The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), which is responsible for promoting the implementation of environmental policy and planning in long-term development of the country
  • Other ministries and authorities responsible for extra-sectoral activities that affect forests, notably for mining, oil, infrastructure and agricultural projects.
  • The Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade (FLEGT) Voluntary Partnership Agreement (VPA) between Ghana and the European Union.

In addition to the 20 indicators of the common report card, CIKOD in collaboration with the Governance Initiative for Rights and Accountability in Forest Management (GIRAF) project has engaged in fieldwork to collect data on forest governance and transparency issues in Ghana. The questionnaire used for this exercise covers a wider set of indicators based on what those applied to the common report card in 2010 (which included 78 indicators). These include logging procedures, revenue distribution, resource allocation, institutional relations etc. The aim is to reach a wider group of respondents (about 800) and also cover more districts in order to increase representation from 2009 and 2010. Data was collected in 2012 in a total of 23 Administrative Districts and analysed to produce a Ghana specific report card. This report will be launched in 2013 and disseminated to key stakeholders.

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