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Ghana : Methodology 2010

Information Gathering

The approach taken to the 2010 report card generally followed the same pattern as the previous report. It is based on both secondary information review and primary field data analysed from a survey conducted in selected districts in two regions. However, some modifications were made in terms of the design of the data collection instruments and the coverage of respondents. A major modification was the use of a single questionnaire for all the different stakeholder groups in contrast to 2009 when a separate questionnaire was designed for each stakeholder type (five in total) and made analysis more cumbersome. Field surveys were undertaken by the same local NGOs to draw on the experience acquired from the previous engagement. The number of respondents was increased from 231 in 2009 to 323 but the number of districts were maintained - three in the Brong Ahafo Region (Sunyani Municipal, Goaso and Dormaa) and three in the Western Region (Tarkwa Nsuaem, Wassa Amanfi East and Juabeso).

The main stakeholder groups interviewed were:

  • Community members (63%), including men, women and young people. Farmers, Unit Committee members and representatives of indigenous groups were interviewed.
  • Traditional authority representatives (14%), including 18 Odikros (local chiefs), 12 Stool Chiefs, nine Queen Mothers, one Paramount Chief and five other types of leaders.
  • Forestry officials (10%), comprising of 22 district and sub-district officials, 2 regional and 2 national level officers, and 5 Office of Administrator of Stool Lands (one regional and four district) officers.
  • District assembly members (9%), consisting of six District Coordinating Directors, four District Chief Executives, 14 planning or finance officers and four other types of staff.
  • Civil society organisations engaged in the forest sector in the target areas, consisting of two local NGOs, two international NGOs, one NGO Network /Coalition and one Community-Based Organisation.
  • Timber companies (2%)

The levels of knowledge and access to information in the different stakeholder groups were assessed. It was found that the level of awareness on various issues differed considerably within as well as between the groups. Overall, 19% of the respondents were female, and the analysis also endeavoured to assess differences by gender.
The field information was analysed using SPSS software and the findings were structured along the lines of the themes agreed for the different countries involved in Making the Forest Sector Transparent. Wherever possible, comparative analysis was carried out between the 2009 and 2010 reports.

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