For forest use activities there are quite clear requirements for obtaining licences and transportation manuals, which are granted to landowners where the forest exists as part of their right of usufruct, but under the surveillance of the forest authority.
Article 102 of the Codification of the Law on Forests and Conservation of Natural Areas and Wildlife states the following: “Any natural person or legal entity carrying out activities provided for in this Law, such as operation, commercialisation, primary transformation, industrialisation, consulting, forest plantations and other connected activities, are obliged to register in the Forest Register, after compliance with the requirements set out for this purpose. Without this registration, such activities may not be carried out”.
The Unified Text of Secondary Environmental Legislation (TULAS) gives detailed information of the requirements for registration in the Forest Register: Name, description of activities, location of work areas, technical personnel and infrastructure, investments and financing. In addition, it also states that lands including native forests, forest plantations and protected plant life in the private domain require licences to carry out forest use activities, and according to the Integrated Management Plan which must be drawn up for the land, they should also be obliged to report to the forest authority any illegal logging or destruction therein.
Copies of the licences and transportation manuals are available to the public following a request for information with the due justification. The information on the type of operations registered presented on the Forest Administration System website is the following: legal representative, trading name, province, canton, parish, sector, telephone number. However, at the time the information for this study was assembled, no further information was available.
The most notable point here is that, despite the clarity of the regulations, the percentage of illegal timber circulating in and leaving the country is still quite high, which is why there is a requirement for greater transparency on which activities have a licence, in order to promote the use of legal timber.
a. Law on Forests and Conservation of Natural Areas and Wildlife (codified in 2004)
b. Book III, title VII of the TULAS
|Organisation||a. Ministry of Environment
b. Ministry of Environment
|Date||c. 10 September 2004
d. 31 March 2003